Cardiology is related to study and medical care for the cardiovascular diseases and a cardiologist is a specialized doctor who helps to diagnose and make treatment for the cardiovascular diseases. Some procedures, like valvuloplasties, coronary thrombectomies, angioplasties, corrections of congenital heart defects, stenting etc. are carried out by an interventional cardiologist.
Symptoms of the cardiac problem
There many symptoms which indicate the cardiac problem of a person. These symptoms are given below.
- High blood pressure
- Breathing shortness
- Chest pain
- Changing the rate of heartbeats
List of the diseases
We go to the cardiologist for the treatment of different heart diseases. These diseases are listed below.
- Congenital heart diseases
- Coronary heart diseases
- Atrial fibrillation
- Ventricular tachycardia
- High blood cholesterol and triglycerides
Test for cardiac problems
Various tests are carried out for cardiac problems suffering by the people that are listed below.
ECG or EKG (Electrocardiogram): The electrical activities of the heart are recorded by this method.
Echocardiogram: Providing a picture of ultrasound, the structure of chambers of the heart including the surrounding areas is shown by this method and the working capability of the heart can be displayed by this process. It also helps to measure the condition of heart for pumping blood and detect pericarditis. Identification of structural deformities or infected valves of the heart is made by this process.
Ambulatory ECG: A Holter monitor is connected to a small electrode that is made of metal and is stuck to the chest for recording the rhythms of heartbeats.
Cardiac catheterization: In this process, data is collected through a small tube that helps in getting relief from blockage of heart. Checking of an electrical system and the functioning of the heart is made by this procedure and it also helps to take a picture inside the heart. Coronary artery disease, congenital cardiac and valvular disease can be treated by catheterization with fluoroscopy.
Nuclear cardiology: Using radioactive materials, a nuclear imaging method is made for studying cardiovascular disorders in the heart. Various types of nuclear imaging methods are available, like myocardial perfusion imaging, planar imaging, infraction imaging etc.
A stress test or an exercise test: It helps to measure the limitation and performance of the heart and changes of the rhythm of heart in resting and exercising condition.
Procedures followed by interventional cardiologists
Angioplasty and stenting: In this process, a tube is inserted through a blood vessel in the wrist or leg and it is guided to the heart or another place of the body. The physician inflates the attached balloon to the tube and he is guided by the injected dye for stretching an artery and increasing the blood flow through the heart. A stent is the placement of a mesh device in a blood vessel for making sure that it stays openly.
Atherectomy: Deposition of plaque inside the blood vessel is cut away by using implements with a sharp blade.
Embolic protection: When the patients have the problem of narrowing of the bypass graft or carotid artery, this process is followed.
Carotid stenting: Carotid arteries, principal blood vessels, which are connected to the brain, are opened by this method. This process reduces the risk of the patient’s stroke.
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