Mitral Valve stenosis refers to a form of valvular heart disease, in which the mitral valve of the heart gets narrowed, blocking the flow of blood into the left ventricle.

This ailment leads to various sickening issues such as fatigue, breathing problems, blood clots, swollen ankles and feet and even heart attack or failure.

The doctor may examine various signs of this ailment like heart murmur, fluid increase in lungs and irregular heart rhythm.

However, it is always advisable to prevent a disease instead of treating it later. For that to happen, certain causes need to be properly inspected regarding Mitral valve stenosis in order to take necessary precautions.

Rheumatic fever

The most common cause for this illness, an inflammatory disease which occurs due to the ill-treatment of scarlet fever. It usually follows about two to four weeks after a strep throat infection and mostly occurs in children ranging between 5 and 15 years of age.

In this condition, the mitral nerve gets thickened which in turn lessens the blood flow to the heart. It can further result in enduring damage to heart valves.

Its symptoms include chest pain, heart murmur, uncontrollable body movements etc. However, one must be careful as these signs may not that be that visible even after a long period.

Congenital defect

This shortcoming is seen in babies born with defective valves, establishing long life problems. Babies mostly have to go with surgical solutions to safeguard themselves from any potent hazards.

This defect may be inherited or be a direct consequence of environmental factors.If someone’s family has a congenital disorder history, then one must undertake genital tests before getting pregnant.

To help oneself in the prevention of congenital disorders, a vitamin and minerals rich diet must be consumed during the reproductive period, keep diabetes in control, avoid alcohol, smoking, tobacco etc.

Increase in calcium deposits

While ageing, calcium solids can accumulate around the mitral valve region, risking the occurrence of this disease. It stiffens the cusps of the valve, narrowing the Mitral valve.

Build-up of calcium deposits is highly common in older individuals. Some of its symptoms may not even get reflected till 70 or 80 years of age.

Other causes

Some extra causes include radiation to the chest and some autoimmune diseases such as lupus.

To conclude, causes of Mitral Valve related issues are needed to be dealt with utmost concern. Prerequisite steps must be implemented to tackle this illness to achieve positive outcomes.